Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tars al Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition characterized by compression of the tibial nerve as it passes through the tarsal tunnel, a narrow passageway in the ankle formed by bones and surrounding tissues. At Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital, we specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of tarsal tunnel syndrome, offering comprehensive care to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life for our patients.

The tibial nerve runs along the back of the leg and through the tarsal tunnel, providing sensation to the bottom of the foot and controlling certain muscles in the foot. When the nerve becomes compressed or irritated within the tarsal tunnel, it can result in symptoms such as pain, burning, tingling, numbness, or weakness in the foot and ankle.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be caused by various factors, including anatomical abnormalities, such as flat feet or a prominent bone within the tarsal tunnel, repetitive stress or overuse of the foot, trauma or injury to the ankle, or underlying conditions such as arthritis or diabetes.

Diagnosis of tarsal tunnel syndrome typically involves a thorough physical examination, assessment of symptoms, and may include imaging studies such as MRI or nerve conduction tests to evaluate the extent of nerve compression and rule out other conditions.

Treatment of tarsal tunnel syndrome aims to relieve pressure on the tibial nerve, alleviate symptoms, and improve function. 

Conservative treatment options may include rest, activity modification, orthotic devices or supportive footwear to reduce pressure on the foot, physical therapy to strengthen muscles and improve flexibility, medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation, or corticosteroid injections to reduce swelling and relieve nerve irritation.

In cases where conservative measures fail to provide relief or when there is severe nerve compression, surgical intervention may be necessary to decompress the tibial nerve and relieve pressure within the tarsal tunnel. Surgical procedures for tarsal tunnel syndrome may involve releasing tight ligaments or other structures compressing the nerve or removing any abnormal tissue or bone spurs causing impingement.

At Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital, our team of foot and ankle specialists is dedicated to providing personalized care to patients with tarsal tunnel syndrome. We work closely with each individual to develop a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to their specific needs and goals, with the aim of reducing pain, improving function, and enhancing quality of life.