Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) is a condition that affects the hip joint in infants and young children. At Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital, we specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of DDH, providing comprehensive care to ensure optimal hip development and function.

DDH occurs when the hip joint fails to develop properly, resulting in instability or abnormal formation of the hip socket (acetabulum) and/or the ball of the thighbone (femoral head). This can lead to a range of hip problems, including hip dislocation, subluxation (partial dislocation), or dysplasia (shallow socket).

Diagnosis of DDH typically occurs during routine physical examinations in infancy or during early childhood. The condition may be suspected if there is a difference in leg lengths, limited range of motion in the hip, or asymmetrical thigh or gluteal folds. Imaging studies such as ultrasound or X-rays may be used to confirm the diagnosis and assess the severity of hip dysplasia.

Treatment for DDH depends on the age of the child and the severity of the condition. In infants under six months of age, the primary treatment is often non-surgical and involves the use of a device called a Pavlik harness, which holds the hip joint in a position that promotes normal development. For older infants and children, treatment may involve closed reduction, where the hip joint is manually manipulated into the correct position under anesthesia, followed by immobilization in a cast. In some cases, surgical procedures such as open reduction or osteotomy may be necessary to correct severe hip dysplasia or dislocation.

Following treatment, ongoing monitoring and follow-up are essential to assess hip development and ensure optimal outcomes. Our team of pediatric orthopedic specialists at Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital works closely with families to develop individualized treatment plans tailored to the unique needs of each child, with the goal of achieving optimal hip function and preventing long-term complications.