Intervertebral Disc


The intervertebral disc serves as a crucial component of the spine, situated between each vertebra, providing cushioning and flexibility to the spinal column. At Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital, we specialize in addressing conditions affecting the intervertebral discs, offering comprehensive care to patients to alleviate symptoms and restore spinal health.

Composed of an outer layer called the annulus fibrosus and an inner gel-like core known as the nucleus pulposus, the intervertebral disc functions as a shock absorber, enabling smooth movement and flexibility of the spine. However, these discs are susceptible to injury, wear and tear, or degeneration over time, leading to various spine-related conditions.

One common condition involving the intervertebral discs is a herniated disc, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, where the inner core protrudes through a tear in the outer layer.

This can result in compression of nearby spinal nerves, leading to symptoms like pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the affected area.

Degenerative disc disease is another condition affecting intervertebral discs, causing them to lose elasticity and height. This can lead to decreased disc height, spinal instability, and the formation of bone spurs, resulting in chronic back pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.

Diagnosis of intervertebral disc conditions typically involves a comprehensive evaluation of symptoms, a physical examination, and imaging studies such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scans to assess the extent of disc damage and identify any associated spinal abnormalities.

Treatment options for intervertebral disc conditions may include conservative measures like rest, activity modification, physical therapy, and pain management techniques to alleviate symptoms and improve spinal function. Minimally invasive procedures such as epidural steroid injections or nerve root blocks may be used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

In severe or refractory cases, surgical intervention may be considered, with procedures such as discectomy, laminectomy, or spinal fusion aimed at decompressing nerves, stabilizing the spine, and restoring spinal alignment.

At Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital, our team of spine specialists and orthopedic surgeons is committed to providing personalized care to patients with intervertebral disc conditions. We work closely with each patient to develop a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to their individual needs and goals, aiming to alleviate symptoms and improve spinal health.