Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement, also known as total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure designed to alleviate pain, restore function, and improve mobility in patients with severe knee arthritis or other knee conditions. At Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital, we specialize in total knee replacement surgery, offering personalized care and advanced techniques to help patients regain an active and pain-free lifestyle.

The knee joint is a complex structure consisting of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone), and patella (kneecap), all of which are covered with cartilage to allow smooth movement. When the cartilage becomes worn or damaged due to arthritis, injury, or other factors, it can lead to pain, stiffness, swelling, and difficulty with walking or performing daily activities. Total knee replacement surgery aims to address these issues by replacing the damaged joint surfaces with artificial components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials.

During the procedure, the surgeon removes the damaged cartilage and bone from the ends of the femur and tibia, as well as any damaged portions of the patella. The ends of the bones are then reshaped to accommodate the prosthetic components, which are securely attached using special bone cement or press-fit techniques. The prosthetic components include a metal femoral component that covers the end of the femur, a metal or plastic tibial component that covers the top of the tibia, and a plastic spacer that serves as the cushion between the two components.

Total knee replacement surgery can be performed using various approaches and techniques, including traditional or minimally invasive approaches, computer-assisted navigation, or patient-specific implants. The choice of approach depends on factors such as the patient’s anatomy, the severity of the knee damage, and the surgeon’s preference.

Following surgery, patients undergo a period of postoperative rehabilitation to regain strength, flexibility, and function in the knee joint. Physical therapy exercises, walking aids, and precautions to prevent complications such as blood clots or infection are typically prescribed to facilitate a smooth recovery process.

Total knee replacement surgery has been shown to be highly effective in relieving pain and improving function for patients with severe knee joint damage. Most patients experience significant relief from symptoms and are able to return to their normal activities with improved mobility and quality of life.

At Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital, our team of orthopedic surgeons and knee specialists is dedicated to providing personalized care to patients undergoing total knee replacement surgery. We utilize advanced surgical techniques, state-of-the-art prosthetic components, and comprehensive rehabilitation programs to ensure optimal outcomes and help patients achieve lasting relief from knee pain and dysfunction.